in Late Life

Our research sought to understand and account for the changing needs of older homeless people in Canada.

About the Project.

The research reported on this website was part of a four year Insight grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) and was carried out in Montreal, Quebec (2012-2016). 

The project drew on a number of different methods to understand late life homelessness in an urban context, including observations, analysis of administrative data, interviews with stakeholders and older people in two large shelters (one for men and one for women). It was concerned with the experiences of homelessness in relation to late life; marginalisation and social exclusion;; poverty and inequality; and long-term care.

Data from this project provides insight into the life trajectories of older homeless people, identifies the service barriers that exist for people ‘aging on the streets’ and long-term care, and broadens existing understandings of aging and homelessness in scholarly research and social programming.

Research results provide insight for social gerontology and social work, as well as suggestions to better equip policy makers and practitioners to address the unique needs of late life homelessness in Canada.

Research Questions

What happens at the intersections of aging and homelessness?

How does age alter the experience of homelessness and vice versa?

Research Methods

In collaboration with three organizations in Montreal, our research used the following methods to examine older homelessness:

• Analysis of documents (42 strategies)

• Statistics and administrative data (1214 files)

• Ethnographic observations  (e.g., cafeteria, café, shelter, neighbourhood)

• Qualitative interviews with older people (40), stakeholders in shelters (15) and long-term care professionals (15)

Research outcomes

Literature Review:

Aging and Homelessness

Literature Review:

Housing Options for Older Homeless People

Systematic Literature Search:

Homelessness Among Older People

Policy Review:

Aging and Homelessness in Canada – A review of frameworks and strategies

Project CV:

Homelessness in Late Life (2012-2016)

Team Members

Principal Investigator

Dr. Amanda Grenier

Amanda Grenier is a Professor in the Factor Inwentash Faculty of Social Work at the University of Toronto. She is also the Norman and Honey Schipper Chair in Gerontological Social Work and a Senior Scientist at the Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest Hospital. She is also an affiliated researcher at CSSS Cavendish, CREGÉS, and Keele University in the United Kingdom.


Dr Jean-Pierre Lavoie

 McGill University

Dr. Tamara Sussman

McGill University

Dr. David Rothwell

McGill University

Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin

Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)


Contact us if you have questions about the project.

(@utoronto.ca): amanda.grenier
University of Toronto
Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work

246 Bloor Street West
Toronto, ON M5S 1V4